The fundamental rights are entrenched in a nation’s legal and political framework, as established by its constitution. A constitution that upholds equality, liberty and social justice can provide a sound basis for realization of human rights. Likewise, a political system committed to democracy and the rule of law is critical in establishing an environment for advancing these rights.

The Philippine Constitution was ratified by a national plebiscite on 2 February 1987 and entered into force on 11 February 1987. It established a democratic and republican state, with a sovereign people from whom all government authority emanates. The constitution, vested the power of government on three separate branches: the executive, the legislative and the judicial.